RPC crimes CANNOT absorb special law crimes

Violation of Article 365 of the RPC cannot absorb violation of special laws. A mala in se felony (such as Reckless Imprudence Resulting in Damage to Property) cannot absorb mala prohibita crimes (such as those violating PD 1067, PD 984, and RA 7942). What makes the former a felony is criminal intent ( dolo) or negligence ( culpa); what makes the latter crimes are the special laws enacting them. (Loney vs. People, G.R. No. 152644, 10 February 2006, 482 SCRA 194)

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