Limitations of Rule 45

The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Rule 45 petitions is limited to questions of law. There is a question of law when the doubt or controversy concerns the correct application of law or jurisprudence to a certain set of facts; or when the issue does not call for the probative value of the evidence presented, the truth or falsehood of facts being admitted.

Equitable does not assail the factual findings of the trial court. Its arguments essentially focus on the nullity of the RTCs February 5, 2004 decision. Equitable points out that that decision was patently erroneous, specially the exorbitant award of damages, as it was inconsistent with existing law and jurisprudence. (G.R. No. 171545; December 19, 2007)