X doesn't want to live. If doctors resuscitate him, is he entitled to damages?

X tattooed his end-of-life wish on his chest and signed it. The tattoo says, "Do not resuscitate" (DNR) with his signature on the lower right side. After an accident, X was brought to a hospital. If doctors would choose to ignore his DNR request and proceed to resuscitate him, would X be entitled to damages?

Act 3815 or the Revised Penal Code provides in Article 253: "Giving assistance to suicide. - Any person who shall assist another to commit suicide shall suffer the penalty of prision mayor; if such person leads his assistance to another to the extent of doing the killing himself, he shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal. However, if the suicide is not consummated, the penalty of arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods, shall be imposed." A Florida hospital faced an unsettling ethical quandary when paramedics brought in an unconscious patient with "Do Not Resuscitate" tattooed across his chest – leaving doctors grappling with whether the message accurately conveyed his end-of-life wishes. The 70-year-old man was admitted to the Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami with respiratory problems, a high blood alcohol concentration and no identification documents, according to the doctors' story published Thursday, November 30, in The New England Journal of Medicine. "This patient's tattooed DNR request produced more confusion than clarity," doctors said, saying they "initially decided not to honor the tattoo, invoking the principle of not choosing an irreversible path when faced with uncertainty." But considering the patient might have gone to extreme lengths to ensure his will was understood – the word "No" on his chest was underlined, and the message included his signature – medical personnel requested an ethics consultation. Doctors meanwhile gave the man basic care to buy time while they considered the life-or-death choice. (Agence France-Presse @afp; Rappler.com; Published 12:14 PM, December 02, 2017 Updated 12:14 PM, December 02, 2017)

The right to die is a concept based on the belief that a human being is entitled to end their own life or to undergo voluntary euthanasia. Possession of this right is often understood to mean that a person with a terminal illness should be allowed to end their own life or to use assisted suicide or to decline life-prolonging treatment. The question of who, if anyone, should be empowered to make this decision is often central to debate. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_die)

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