Court's compliance with ministerial function DOESN'T result in forum shopping

With regard to forum-shopping; forum-shopping is the filing of multiple suits involving the same parties for the same cause of action, either simultaneously or successively, for the purpose of obtaining a favorable judgment. It exists where the elements of litis pendentia are present or where a final judgment in one case will amount to res judicata in another.
The issuance of the writ of possession being a ministerial function, and summary in nature, it cannot be said to be a judgment on the merits. It is only an incident in the transfer of title. Hence, a separate case for annulment of mortgage and foreclosure sale cannot be barred by litis pendentia or res judicata. Clearly, insofar as LRC Case No. Q-13915(01) and Civil Case No. Q02-46514 are concerned, Metrobank is not guilty of forum-shopping. (G.R. No. 165142; December 10, 2007)

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