Social security law sympathizes with beneficiaries; Social justice

On a final note, the Supreme Court sees it proper to quote verbatim respondent's prefatory statement in their Comment: The Social Security System is a government agency imbued with a salutary purpose to carry out the policy of the State to establish, develop, promote and perfect a sound and viable tax exempt social security system suitable to the needs of the people throughout the Philippines which shall promote social justice and provide meaningful protection to members and their beneficiaries against the hazards of disability, sickness, maternity, old-age, death and other contingencies resulting in loss of income or financial burden.
The soundness and viability of the funds of the SSS in turn depends on the contributions of its covered employee and employer members, which it invests in order to deliver the basic social benefits and privileges to its members. The entitlement to and amount of benefits and privileges of the covered members are contribution-based. Both the soundness and viability of the funds of the SSS as well as the entitlement and amount of benefits and privileges of its members are adversely affected to a great extent by the non-remittance of the much-needed contributions.

The sympathy of the law on social security is toward its beneficiaries. The Supreme Court will not turn a blind eye on the perpetration of injustice. The Supreme Court cannot and will not allow itself to be made an instrument nor be privy to any attempt at the perpetration of injustice.

Following the doctrine laid down in Laguna Transportation Co., Inc. v. Social Security System, the Supreme Court rules that although a corporation once formed is conferred a juridical personality separate and distinct from the persons comprising it, it is but a legal fiction introduced for purposes of convenience and to subserve the ends of justice. The concept cannot be extended to a point beyond its reasons and policy, and when invoked in support of an end subversive of this policy, will be disregarded by the courts. (G.R. No. 170735; December 17, 2007)