Labor Standards vs. Labor Relations

"Labor standards" refers to the minimum requirements prescribed by existing laws, rules and regulations relating to wages, hours of work, cost of living allowance and other monetary and welfare benefits, including occupational, safety and health standards (G.R. No. 86963, August 6, 1999). They are covered by Books I to IV of the Labor Code.
"Labor relations laws" are the laws, rules and regulations which govern the relationship between employees and their employers, promote the right of the employees to self-organization and collective bargaining, penalize unfair labor practice, and provide modes for the settlement of labor disputes such as conciliation, mediation, grievance machinery, voluntary arbitration and compulsory arbitration. They are covered by Books V – VII of the Labor Code.

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