Terminologies in Law on Employment of Homeworkers

“Industrial homeworker”
It refers to a worker who is engaged in industrial homework.

“Industrial homework”
It refers to a system of production under which work for an employer or contractor is carried out by a homeworker at his/her home. Materials may or may not be furnished by the employer or contractor. It differs from regular factory production principally in that, it is a decentralized form of production where there is ordinarily very little supervision or regulation of methods of work.

It means any nook, house, apartment or other premises used regularly, in whole or in part, as a dwelling place, except those situated within the premises or compound of an employer, contractor/subcontractor and the work performed therein is under the active or personal supervision by or for the latter.

“Field personnel”
It refers to a non-agricultural employee who regularly performs his duties away from the principal place of business or branch office of the employer and whose actual hours of work in the field cannot be determined with reasonable certainty.
It refers to any natural or artificial person who, for his own account or benefit, or on behalf of any person residing outside the Philippines, directly or indirectly, or through any employee, agent, contractor, subcontractor or any other person: 1. delivers or causes to be delivered any goods, articles or materials to be processed or fabricated in or about a home and thereafter to be returned or to be disposed of or distributed in accordance with his direction; or 2. sells any goods, articles or materials for the purpose of having such goods or articles processed in or about a home and then repurchases them himself or through another after such processing.

“Contractor” or “subcontractor”
It refers to any person who, for the account or benefit of an employer, delivers or causes to be delivered to a homeworker, goods or articles to be processed in or about his home and thereafter to be returned, disposed of or distributed in accordance with the direction of the employer.

It refers to manufacturing, fabricating, finishing, repairing, altering, packing, wrapping or handling in any way connected with the production or preparation of an article or material.


Whenever an employer contracts with another for the performance of the employer’s work, it shall be the duty of such employer to provide in such contract that the employees or homeworkers of the contractor and the latter’s subcontractor shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of the Rules to Implement the Labor Code. In the event that such contractor or subcontractor fails to pay the wages or earnings of his employees or homeworkers as specified in said Rules, such employer shall be jointly and severally liable with the contractor or subcontractor to the workers of the latter, to the extent that such work is performed under such contract, in the same manner as if the employees or homeworkers were directly engaged by the employer. The employer, contractor or subcontractor shall assist the homeworkers in the maintenance of basic safe and healthful working conditions at the homeworkers’ place of work.