BBL to be signed as law before Duterte's SONA

[1] Malacañang on Wednesday said President Rodrigo Duterte will sign into law the landmark Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) before his third State of the Nation Address (SONA) on July 23.
[2] Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque made this announcement after Duterte convinced leaders of the Senate and the House of Representatives to adopt the House version of the bill during his meeting with the bicameral conference committee at Malacañang Palace.

SOURCE: PRRD to sign BBL before SONA; By PTV News - CD - July 12, 2018;

[3] The Bangsamoro Basic Law, often referred to by the acronym "BBL" (Filipino: Batayang Batas para sa Rehiyong Awtonomo ng Bangsamoro), refers to a number of similar legislative bills to establish a proposed new autonomous political entity known as the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, replacing the current Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

SOURCE: Bangsamoro Basic Law; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia;

[4] What is the purpose of this new law? The purpose of the draft Basic Law is to establish the new Bangsamoro political entity and provide for its basic structure of government, in recognition of the aspirations of the Bangsamoro people.

[5] What is the goal of the article on Fiscal autonomy? Main objective is to make the Bangsamoro Government fiscally autonomous (Section 1). The funding mechanisms employed in this law will allow the Bangsamoro Government to become self-sufficient and will no longer need funding from the National Government to provide for the needs of its constitutents.

[6] 2008 SUPREME COURT DECISION ON BANGSAMORO: This strand begins with the statement that it is "the birthright of all Moros and all Indigenous peoples of Mindanao to identify themselves and be accepted as ‘Bangsamoros.'" It defines "Bangsamoro people" as the natives or original inhabitants of Mindanao and its adjacent islands including Palawan and the Sulu archipelago at the time of conquest or colonization, and their descendants whether mixed or of full blood, including their spouses.

Thus, the concept of "Bangsamoro," as defined in this strand of the MOA-AD, includes not only "Moros" as traditionally understood even by Muslims, but all indigenous peoples of Mindanao and its adjacent islands. The MOA-AD adds that the freedom of choice of indigenous peoples shall be respected. What this freedom of choice consists in has not been specifically defined.

The MOA-AD proceeds to refer to the "Bangsamoro homeland," the ownership of which is vested exclusively in the Bangsamoro people by virtue of their prior rights of occupation. Both parties to the MOA-AD acknowledge that ancestral domain does not form part of the public domain.

The Bangsamoro people are acknowledged as having the right to self-governance, which right is said to be rooted on ancestral territoriality exercised originally under the suzerain authority of their sultanates and the Pat a Pangampong ku Ranaw. The sultanates were described as states or "karajaan/kadatuan" resembling a body politic endowed with all the elements of a nation-state in the modern sense.

The MOA-AD thus grounds the right to self-governance of the Bangsamoro people on the past suzerain authority of the sultanates. As gathered, the territory defined as the Bangsamoro homeland was ruled by several sultanates and, specifically in the case of the Maranao, by the Pat a Pangampong ku Ranaw, a confederation of independent principalities (pangampong) each ruled by datus and sultans, none of whom was supreme over the others.

The MOA-AD goes on to describe the Bangsamoro people as "the ‘First Nation' with defined territory and with a system of government having entered into treaties of amity and commerce with foreign nations."

The term "First Nation" is of Canadian origin referring to the indigenous peoples of that territory, particularly those known as Indians. In Canada, each of these indigenous peoples is equally entitled to be called "First Nation," hence, all of them are usually described collectively by the plural "First Nations." To that extent, the MOA-AD, by identifying the Bangsamoro people as "the First Nation" - suggesting its exclusive entitlement to that designation - departs from the Canadian usage of the term.

The MOA-AD then mentions for the first time the "Bangsamoro Juridical Entity" (BJE) to which it grants the authority and jurisdiction over the Ancestral Domain and Ancestral Lands of the Bangsamoro. (G.R. No. 183591; October 14, 2008)

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