Concealment in Marine Insurance

Section 109. In marine insurance, each party is bound to communicate, in addition to what is required by Section 28, all the information which he possesses, material to the risk, except such as is mentioned in Section 30, and to state the exact and whole truth in relation to all matters that he represents, or upon inquiry discloses or assumes to disclose.
Section 110. In marine insurance, information of the belief or expectation of a third person, in reference to a material fact, is material.

Section 111. A person insured by a contract of marine insurance is presumed to have knowledge, at the time of insuring, of a prior loss, if the information might possibly have reached him in the usual mode of transmission and at the usual rate of communication.
Section 112. A concealment in a marine insurance, in respect to any of the following matters, does not vitiate the entire contract, but merely exonerates the insurer from a loss resulting from the risk concealed:

(a) The national character of the insured;
(b) The liability of the thing insured to capture and detention;
(c) The liability to seizure from breach of foreign laws of trade;
(d) The want of necessary documents; and
(e) The use of false and simulated papers. (The Insurance as Amended; R.A. 10607)

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