Law of external administration

According to De Leon (2010), administrative law is principally concerned with the problems of administrative regulation, rather than with those of administrative management. It may be internal administration or external administration.

External administration is concerned with the legal relations between administrative authorities and private interests. In short, the focus here is the interaction between offices, departments or bureaus and the public.

Four things must be remembered:

[1] The exercise of powers and duties of administrative authorities have a direct effect on the rights and interests of private citizens;
[2] Administrative powers necessarily have inherent, constitutional and statutory limitations. An example of this would be the limitation of the adjudication in administrative tribunals to a determination of what the facts are because only the Judiciary can interpret what the law is;
[3] In order to enforce administrative rules, regulations and determinations, there are sanctions or penalties allowed by law; and
[4] Actions and inaction by administrative agencies are subject to remedies under the law that may be available of by citizens.

Administrative law is the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of government. Government agency action can include rule making, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda. Administrative law is considered a branch of public law.