You lose some rights in case of civil interdiction

Perpetual or temporary disqualification from holding office is one example of accessory penalties if a person commits certain crimes. Others are suspension from public office, curtailment of the right to vote or be voted for and curtailment of the right to exercise a profession or calling.

Here, the discussion revolves around civil interdiction, one such accessory penalty.

Article 34 of the Revised Penal Code (RPC) explains the effect of civil interdiction. It shall deprive the offender during the time of his sentence of the rights of parental authority, or guardianship, either as to the person or property of any ward, of marital authority, of the right to manage his property and of the right to dispose of such property by any act or any conveyance inter vivos. Albano explains that a person penalized with civil interdiction cannot make a donation inter vivos; nevertheless, he can make a will because this involves transfer of property that shall take effect after death.

The Rules of Court also contains provisions regarding those under the penalty of civil interdiction.

Rule 92 says the word "incompetent" includes persons suffering the penalty of civil interdiction or who are hospitalized lepers, prodigals, deaf and dumb who are unable to read and write, those who are of unsound mind, even though they have lucid intervals, and persons not being of unsound mind, but by reason of age, disease, weak mind, and other similar causes, cannot, without outside aid, take care of themselves and manage their property, becoming thereby an easy prey for deceit and exploitation. (Section 2) Hence, a person under civil interdiction is subject to guardianship. (Section 2, Rule 93)

The Civil Code and the Family Code also have provisions on civil interdiction.

Article 919, Paragraph 8, states that conviction of a crime which carries with it the penalty of civil interdiction shall be one of the sufficient causes for the disinheritance of children and descendants, legitimate as well as illegitimate. It may also cause to extinguish a contract of agency. (Article 1919).

Moreover, it is one of the sufficient causes for judicial separation of property -- "the spouse of the petitioner has been sentenced to a penalty which carries with it civil interdiction." (Article 135, Paragraph 1, Family Code)