Accused writes DEFAMATORY letter to victim's wife; Publication requirement present

Publication, in the law of libel, means the making of the defamatory matter, after it has been written, known to someone other than the person to whom it has been written. If the statement is sent straight to a person for whom it is written there is no publication of it. The reason for this is that "a communication of the defamatory matter to the person defamed cannot injure his reputation though it may wound his self-esteem. A man’s reputation is not the good opinion he has of himself, but the estimation in which others hold him." (Magno vs. People, G.R. No. 133896, 27 January 2006, 480 SCRA 276)