Warrantlessly-obtained evidence inadmissible for any purpose in any proceeding

Our Constitution proscribes search and seizure and the arrest of persons without a judicial warrant. As a general rule, any evidence obtained without a judicial warrant is inadmissible for any purpose in any proceeding. The rule is, however, subject to certain exceptions. Some of these are: (1) a search incident to a lawful arrest; (2) seizure of evidence in plain view; (3) search of a moving motor vehicle; and (4) search in violation of customs laws. [G.R. No. 119619. December 13, 1996]