3 Elements of Sufficiency of Circumstantial Evidence to Convict

Circumstantial evidence is sufficient for conviction if: (a) There is more than one circumstance; (b) The facts from which inferences are derived are proven; and (c) The combination of all the circumstances is such as to produce a conviction beyond reasonable doubt. (Section 4, Rule 133 of the Revised Rules of Court) In this case, the Solicitor General aptly enumerated these circumstances which, taken collectively, sufficiently constitited an unbroken chain of events that indeed would point to accused-appellant, to the exclusion of all others to be the author of the crime. [G.R. No. 113116. October 30, 1996]