Legal action in case of road accident due to UNSAFE road repair

There is another downside to inadequate public transportation facilities and infrastructure: around the country, road safety is weak and fatal road accidents are on the rise.

Last year, 2,144 people died in road accidents nationwide – a jump of 106 percent from the 1,040 recorded deaths in 2015. This is according to data from the police Highway Patrol Group, which the Department of Transportation presented at a forum on road safety organized on Nov. 9-10 by CIFAL Philippines, a United Nations-affiliated training center in the University of the Philippines, together with the UN Institute for Training and Research, the UP National Center for Transportation Studies and Diageo.
The Philippine Statistics Authority has higher figures, recording 10,000 deaths related to road crashes in 2015, up from the 8,000 in 2011. With more than 1.2 million lives lost worldwide every year due to road traffic injuries, the UN launched the Decade of Action for Road Safety in 2011. Its target of cutting by half the number of deaths and injuries from road accidents by 2020 is in the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development. (EDITORIAL - Unsafe roads (The Philippine Star) | Updated November 12, 2017 - 12:00am)

The Civil Code's Article 19. Every person must, in the exercise of his rights and in the performance of his duties, act with justice, give everyone his due, and observe honesty and good faith.

The Civil Code's Article 20.
Every person who, contrary to law, wilfully or negligently causes damage to another, shall indemnify the latter for the same.

The Civil Code's Article 27. Any person suffering material or moral loss because a public servant or employee refuses or neglects, without just cause, to perform his official duty may file an action for damages and other relief against the latter, without prejudice to any disciplinary administrative action that may be taken.

The Civil Code's Article 34. When a member of a city or municipal police force refuses or fails to render aid or protection to any person in case of danger to life or property, such peace officer shall be primarily liable for damages, and the city or municipality shall be subsidiarily responsible therefor. The civil action herein recognized shall be independent of any criminal proceedings, and a preponderance of evidence shall suffice to support such action.