Law on Employee's Gross Insubordination

For gross insubordination, also called "willful disobedience of a lawful order," to lie, two (2) requisites are also necessary. First, the assailed conduct must have been intentional and characterized by a wrongful and perverse attitude. Second, the order violated must have been reasonable, lawful, and made known to the employee and should pertain to the duties which he has been engaged to discharge. (G.R. No. 164403)