Anti-Sexual Harassment Act (Generally)

RA 7877 is an act declaring sexual harassment unlawful in the employment, education or training environment, and for other purposes. It was approved by President Fidel V. Ramos on February 14, 1995.


R.A. No. 7877 declares sexual harassment unlawful only in three (3) situations, namely:
[1] employment;
[2] education; and
[3] training environment.

Please note that the law does not limit "sexual harassment" to female victims only. Experience teaches that men can also be the subject of such wrongful acts at work, at school or in other training environments.

For sexual harassment to be within the scope of RA 7877, it must be:
[1] work-related; or
[2] education-related; or
[3] training-related.


Work, education or training-related sexual harassment is committed by any employer, employee, manager, supervisor, agent of the employer, teacher, instructor, professor, coach, trainer, or any other person who, having authority, influence or moral ascendancy over another in a work or training or education environment, demands, requests or otherwise requires any sexual favor from another, regardless of whether the demand, request or requirement for submission is accepted by the object of said act.

Further, any person who directs or induces another to commit any act of sexual harassment as defined in the law, or who cooperates in the commission thereof by another without which it would not have been committed, shall also be held liable under the law.