Old US law books confirm 300-year history of removing judges w/o impeachment, thru quo warranto
It appears that expulsion of a judge through quo warranto proceedings finds support in history. The writ of scire facias was created in 1285 during the 13th year of the reign of Edward I by the English Parliament in the Second Statute of Westminster. The writ of quo warranto was created during this same period. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scire_facias)
Proceedings in scire facias were regarded as a form of action, and the defendant could plead his defense as in an action.* They were analogous to quo warranto proceedings.**
*[Anon.] (1911) "Scire facias Archived 25 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.", Encyclopædia Britannica
**Baker, J. H. (2002). An Introduction to English Legal History (4th ed.). London: Butterworths. p. p.145. ISBN 0-406-93053-8.
Page 6 of the PDF file:
[Ohio State Law Journal: Volume 35, Issue 1 (1974)]
Clark, R. H.
Ohio State University. College of Law
Ohio State Law Journal, vol. 35, no. 1 (1974), 92-102.
Book review of "Impeachment: The Constitutional Problems" by Raoul Berger. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972.