2 cases of implied agency even if the principal is absent

For implied agency to apply, the principal must be present. This is the general rule; there are two (2) exceptions.

First is when the principal transmits the power of attorney. It is accepted by the agent without any objection.

Second is when the principal entrusts the power of attorney by letter or telegram, and the power of attorney pertains to a business that the agent is habitually engaged in. It is accepted by the agent not replying. (Art. 1872 of the Civil Code of the Philippines)