Succession, defined

Succession is a mode of acquisition by virtue of which the property, rights and obligations, to the extent of the value of the inheritance, of a person are transmitted through his death to another or others either by his will or by operation of law. (Art. 774 of the Civil Code of the Philippines)

Succession is one of the modes of acquiring ownership under property law. However, in law school, it is treated as a separate civil law subject from property law.

Via succession, not only property and rights but also obligations are transmitted. There must be death because it is death that transmits them to another or others. (Art. 777) There is no succession without actual or presumptive death.

Succession is controlled either by law or by the decedent's will. A decedent who has left a will is called a testator.

Obligations are only transmitted to the extent of the value of the inheritance. Hence, in case the inheritance is not enough, heirs cannot be made liable for obligations left by the decedent or testator.