Basics of election

Let's take broad overview of elections. So as you may have noticed, there are kind of a lot of people in the U.S, and holding individual issues up to a public vote doesn't seem particularly plausible. So to deal with this complexity, we vote for people, not policies, that represent our best interests. But as you'll see, this process was not thoroughly addressed in the Constitution, so there have been a number of amendments and laws at the state level implemented to create the election system we all know and (maybe) love today.

SOURCE: Election Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #36. CrashCourse. Published on Oct 23, 2015. https://youtu.be/48EZKXweGDo

The Philippine elections are of various types. The president, vice president and senators are elected for a term of six years, while members of the House of Representatives, governors, vice-governors, members of Sangguniang Panlalawigan (members of the provincial board), mayors, vice-mayors, members of Sangguniang Panlungsod / members of Sangguniang Bayan (municipal / municipal councilors), Barangay officials and members of Sangguniang Kabataan (young councilors) are elected to serve for a term of three years.

Congress or Kongreso has two chambers. The House of Representatives or Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan has 292 seats as of 2013, of which 80% is disputed in single-seat constituencies and 20% is assigned to party lists according to a modified hare fee , with the remains ignored and a quota of three places cap. These party list seats are only accessible to marginalized and underrepresented groups and parties, local parties and sectoral wings of the main parties that represent the marginalized. The Constitution of the Philippines allows the House of Representatives to have more than 250 members by law without the need for a constitutional amendment. The Senate or Senate has 24 members who are elected at the national level in general; They do not represent any geographical district. Half of the Senate is renewed every three years.

The Philippines has a multiparty system, with numerous parties in which no party often has the possibility of gaining power alone, and the parties must collaborate with each other to form a coalition government. The Elections Commission (COMELEC) is responsible for directing the elections.

According to the Constitution, elections for members of Congress and local offices (except Barangay officials) are held every second Monday in May every third year after May 1992, and presidential and vice-presidential elections take place every second Monday of May every sixth year after May 1992. All elected officials, except those at the barangay level, begin (and end) their terms on June 30 of the election year.

SOURCES: Elections in the Philippines. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_the_Philippines; https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/785083/smartmatic-ph-now-world-reference-point-for-automated-elections

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