Evidence, defined

Evidence is the means, sanctioned by these rules, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding, the truth respecting a matter of fact. (Sec. 1, Rule 128 of the Rules of Court)

The law of evidence, also known as the rules of evidence, encompasses the rules and legal principles that govern the proof of facts in a legal proceeding. These rules determine what evidence must or must not be considered by the trier of fact in reaching its decision. SOURCE: Evidence (law). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evidence_(law)