Contract of transportation, defined

A contract of transportation is one whereby a certain person or association of persons obligate themselves to transport persons or goods from one to another for a price.

A contract of carriage is a contract between a carrier of goods or passengers and the consignor, consignee or passenger. Contracts of carriage typically define the rights, duties and liabilities of parties to the contract, addressing topics such as acts of God and including clauses such as force majeure. Among common carriers, they are usually evidenced by standard terms and conditions printed on the reverse of a ticket or carriage document.

A pipeline operator who carries oil and other petroleum products through pipes/pipelines is a common carrier. The law does not distinguish as to the means by which transportation is carried out, as long as it is by land, water, or air. Neither does the law require that transportation be through a motor vehicle. (G.R. No. 125948)