Mandatory joinder of indispensable parties

By definition, an indispensable party is a party-in-interest without whom no final determination can be had of an action, and who shall be joined either as plaintiffs or defendants.[1] It is a party whose interest will be affected by the court's action in the litigation.[2]

The joinder of indispensable parties is mandatory. The presence of indispensable parties is necessary to vest the court with jurisdiction, which is the authority to hear and determine a cause, the right to act in a case. Thus, without the presence of indispensable parties to a suit or proceeding, judgment of a court cannot attain real finality.[3]

[1] Rules of Court, Rule 3, Section 7.

[2] Divinagracia v. Parilla, et al., 755 Phil. 783, 789 (2015).

[3] 653 Phil. 396 (2010) at 404.