Doctrine of exhaustion of administrative remedies

Under the doctrine of exhaustion of administrative remedies, a party must first avail of all administrative processes available before seeking the courts’ intervention; the administrative officer concerned must be given every opportunity to decide on the matter within his or her jurisdiction; failing to exhaust administrative remedies affects the party’s cause of action as these remedies refer to a precedent condition which must be complied with prior to filing a case in court. (Rep. of the Phils. vs. Gallo, G.R. No. 207074, Jan. 17, 2018)