Effects of errors, irregularities in depositions

A deposition not signed does not preclude its use during the trial. The requirement that the deposition must be examined and signed by the witness is only to ensure that the deponent is afforded the opportunity to correct any errors contained therein and to ensure its accuracy. In any event, the admissibility of the deposition does not preclude the determination of its probative value at the appropriate time. The admissibility of evidence should not be equated with weight of evidence. The admissibility of evidence depends on its relevance and competence while the weight of evidence pertains to evidence already admitted and its tendency to convince and persuade. (Ayala Land, Inc. vs. Tagle, G.R. No. 153667, August 11, 2005)

The deposition-discovery rules are to be accorded a broad and liberal treatment and the liberty of a party to make discovery is well-nigh unrestricted if the matters inquired into are relevant and not privileged, and the inquiry is made in good faith and within the bounds of the law. (Ayala Land, Inc. vs. Tagle, G.R. No. 153667, August 11, 2005; Dulay vs. Dulay, G.R. No. 158857, November 11, 2005)