The rule on subcontracting workers

Contracting and subcontracting arrangements are expressly allowed by law and are subject to regulations for the promotion of employment and the observance of the rights of workers to just and humane conditions of work, security of tenure, self-organization and collective bargaining. Labor-only contracting as defined herein shall be prohibited. (Section 1 of the DO 18-A, Series of 2011)

These Rules shall apply to all parties of contracting and subcontracting arrangements where employer-employee relationships exist. It shall also apply to cooperatives engaging in contracting or subcontracting arrangements. Contractors and subcontractors referred to in these Rules are prohibited from engaging in recruitment and placement activities as defined in Article 13(b) of the Labor Code, whether for local or overseas employment. (Section 2 of the DO 18-A, Series of 2011)

“Contracting” or “Subcontracting” refers to an arrangement whereby a principal agrees to put out or farm out with a contractor the performance or completion of a specific job, work or service within a definite or predetermined period, regardless of whether such job, work or service is to be performed or completed within or outside the premises of the principal. (Section 3(a) of the DO 18-A, Series of 2011)

“Solidary liability” refers to the liability of the principal, pursuant to the provision of Article 109 of the Labor Code, as direct employer together with the contractor for any violation of any provision of the Labor Code. It also refers to the liability of the principal, in the same manner and extent that he/she is liable to his/her direct employees, to the extent of the work performed under the contract when the contractor fails to pay the wages of his/her employees, as provided in Article 106 of the Labor Code, as amended. (Section 3(k) of the DO 18-A, Series of 2011)

“Trilateral Relationship” refers to the relationship in a contracting or subcontracting arrangement where there is a contract for a specific job, work or service between the principal and the contractor, and a contract of employment between the contractor and its workers. There are three (3) parties involved in these arrangements: the principal who decides to farm out a job, work or service to a contractor; the contractor who has the capacity to independently undertake the performance of the job, work or service; and the contractual workers engaged by the contractor to accomplish the job, work or service. (Section 3(m) of the DO 18-A, Series of 2011)