Reviewer quiz on political law (Part 2)

1. Law 234 prohibits the President from establishing friendly relations with South Korea. However, the President, thinking it is economically and strategically important, still pursues friendship with South Korea. Decide. 2. The City of ABC, Isabela established a nuclear power plant in order to make electricity cheaper in the province. DUTERTE YOUTH filed a petition against City of ABC, invoking a violation of the Constitution's policy. Decide.

3. Charged with violation of RA 9262, the Anti-Violence against Women and their Children Act, XYZ goes to the Supreme Court to have the law declared unconstitutional for violating equal protection. He argues that RA 9262 over-protects women while excluding men from the same rights. Decide.

4. How is the international environmental law concept of "intergenerational responsibility" recognized under the Constitution?

5. The Province of Isabela issued an ordinance that declares legal prostitution and gambling within Isabela. The Province of Isabela cites the Constitution that says: "The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments." Decide.

6. Doubting the eligibility of his co-teacher in a public high school, Legaspi went to the Civil Service Commission (CSC) and requested a list of all registered and licensed professional teachers in the province. CSC rejects the request because granting it may violate the privacy of those whose names are on the list. Legaspi counters by citing the Constitution which says: "Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions involving public interest." (Section 28 of Article II) CSC rebuts this by saying that the provision is not self-executing. Decide.

7. Are foundling neither natural-born or naturalized citizens? Explain.

8. The COMELEC implemented its policy on "NO BIO, NO BOTO." This policy requires voters to verify their registration by entering their fingerprint into a system. Otherwise, they will not be allowed to vote. A progressive group filed a case in court to question the validity of "NO BIO, NO BOTO" because it violates Article V of the Constitution, saying: "No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage." Decide.

9. AAA was filed an information against by the City Fiscal of Cauayan City for violation of criminal election laws. AAA questions the validity of the information because it was not filed by the COMELEC. According to AAA, the Constitution gives the COMELEC the exclusive power to "investigate and, where appropriate, prosecute cases of violations of election laws, including acts or omissions constituting election frauds, offenses, and malpractices."

10. AAA, knowing that BBB is a registered voter in the Philippine despites being a non-Filipino resident of Canada, filed a case in the Municipal Trial Court (MTC) to exclude BBB from the list of registered voters. The MTC decided against BBB and issued an order to the COMELEC to remove BBB from the voters' list. The COMELEC refused to follow the order. If you were the lawyer's for COMELEC, defend COMELEC's action.