Determining identical causes of action

In Yap v. Chua,[1] the Supreme Court held that the test to determine whether causes of action are identical is to ascertain whether the same evidence would support both actions, or whether there is an identity in the facts essential to the maintenance of the two actions. If the same facts or evidence would support both actions, then they are considered the same; a judgment in the first case would be a bar to the subsequent action.

[1] G.R. No. 186730, June 13, 2012.

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