Elements of murder

According to jurisprudence, for there to be conviction for murder, the following must be established: (1) a person was killed; (2) the accused killed him; (3) the killing was with the attendance of any of the qualifying circumstances under Article 248 of the Revised Penal Code; and (4) the killing neither constitutes parricide nor infanticide. (People v. Peteluna, G.R. No. 187048, January 23, 2013)