What is conditional obligation?

 Article 1181 of the Civil Code of the Philippines discusses the concept of conditional obligation, to wit:
ART. 1181. In conditional obligations, the acquisition of rights, as well as the extinguishment or loss of those already acquired, shall depend upon the happening of the event which constitutes the condition. (1114)
In conditional obligations, the acquisition of rights and the loss of rights already acquired depends upon the happening of the event that constitutes the condition. Moreover, Manresa defines condition as any "uncertain event which wields an influence on a legal relation."[1] A conditional obligation is one whose consequences are subject in one way or another to the fulfillment of a condition.[2] A condition must be future and uncertain and a past event unknown to the parties.

Moreover, there are two principal kinds of condition such as: a) suspensive condition, or the fulfillment of which will give rise to an obligation; and b) resolutory condition, or the fulfillment of which will extinguish an obligation. 


[1] 8 Manresa, 126.

[2] De Leon. (2014). Obligations and Contracts.

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