Different Actions in Remedial Law


ACTIONS

What are ordinary civil actions?

A civil action is one by which a party sues another for the enforcement or protection of a right, or the prevention or redress of a wrong. (Rule 1, Sec. 3)

May either be ordinary (Rules 1-56) or special (Rules 62-71) ; both are governed by the rules for ordinary actions, subject to the specific rules prescribed for special civil actions.

What are special civil actions?

A special civil action is one by which a party sues another for the enforcement or protection of a right, or the prevention or redress of a wrong, but subject to specific rules. Examples: interpleader, declaratory relief, certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto, eminent domain, foreclosure or mortgage, partition, forcible entry, unlawful detainer and contempt.

What are criminal actions?

A criminal action is one by which the State prosecutes a person for an act or omission punishable by law.

Civil Actions v. Special Proceedings

"Special proceedings" is a remedy by which a party seeks to establish a status, a right or a particular fact.

Personal Actions v. Real Actions

The distinction between personal actions and real actions is important in the determination of the venue of the case.

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