Loss of trust, confidence for rank-and-file employees or managers

As for loss of trust and confidence as a ground for termination, distinction should be made between managerial and rank and file employees. "[W]ith respect to rank-and-file personnel, loss of trust and confidence, as ground for valid dismissal, requires proof of involvement in the alleged events x x x [while for] managerial employees, the mere existence of a basis for believing that such employee has breached the trust of his employer would suffice for his dismissal."[1]

[1] Velez v. Shangri-la’s Edsa Plaza Hotel, 535 Phil. 12, 27 (2006).