Elements of a valid appointment

The following elements should always concur in the making of a valid (which should be understood as both complete and effective) appointment: 

(1) authority to appoint and evidence of the exercise of the authority; 
(2) transmittal of the appointment paper and evidence of the transmittal; 
(3) a vacant position at the time of appointment; and 
(4) receipt of the appointment paper and acceptance of the appointment by the appointee who possesses all the qualifications and none of the disqualifications. 
The concurrence of all these elements should always apply, regardless of when the appointment is made, whether outside, just before, or during the appointment ban. These steps in the appointment process should always concur and operate as a single process. There is no valid appointment if the process lacks even one step