3 principles in review of rape cases

Behavioral psychology teaches us that people react to similar situations dissimilarly. There is no standard form of behavior when one is confronted by a shocking incident as the workings of the human mind when placed under emotional stress are unpredictable.[1] Nevertheless, the Court must be guided by established principles.In reviewing rape cases, the Court is guided by the following principles: (1) to accuse a man of rape is easy, but to disprove the accusation is difficult, though the accused may be innocent; (2) inasmuch as only two persons are usually involved in the crime of rape, the testimony of the complainant should be scrutinized with great caution; and (3) the evidence for the prosecution must stand or fall on its own merit and should not be allowed to draw strength from the weakness of the evidence for the defense.[2] So long as the private complainant’s testimony meets the test of credibility, the accused may be convicted on the basis thereof.[3][4]

[1] People v. Mariano, G.R. No. 168693, 19 June 2009, 590 SCRA 74, 90.

[2] People v. Marquez, GR Nos. 137408-10, 8 December 2000, 347 SCRA 510, 517.

[3] Id.

[4] https://www.projectjurisprudence.com/2021/08/gr-no-190178-february-12-2014.html.